Cannabis, marijuana and CBD: the differences

What are terpenes?

The vast world of fragrant terpenes

The refreshing scents of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their smell is because of natural compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are a large class of fragrant chemicals found in many different plants, foods and necessary oils. In hemp, terpenes are located inside the trichomes, small mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is believed that there are more than a hundred. Each has a slightly different chemical structure, which offers it a special fragrance. Although it can please our sense of smell, they are mainly intended to secure plants by warding off germs, fungis and pests.

Thankfully for us, studies have shown that terpenes can do more than simply provide an enjoyable fragrance or deter predators. They have also been found to conjure up a vast array of biological impacts in people, which we will discuss in more detail quickly. Visit One World CBD for more info.

The number of terpenes exist, and what are they called?

As we recommended earlier, terpenes are not unique to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will find daily foods that also consist of high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred different terpenes, some are more typical than others. Some of the well known terpenes include the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most typical terpene in the Cannabis sativa species, however it is also very typical in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Remember the refreshing smell of lemon we discussed earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is widely utilized in perfumes, cosmetics and air cleaning.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best known for its presence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will instantly recognize the flower fragrance of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most typically found in lavender.

What makes terpenes special?

Terpenes are very important not only because of their smell, however also because of their potential synergy with cannabinoids like connect CBD, CBN and CBG in the body.

Think of the hemp plant as a large glass container. Initially, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the largest group of compounds. Then we utilize smaller sized pebbles to complete some holes; these are our terpenes. Finally, to fill the pot, we pour sand into it; flavonoids and other necessary molecules. You require all the aspects to make a whole plant.

In addition, there is evidence to suggest that when cannabinoids and terpenes exist side-by-side, their respective biological impacts are enhanced. This phenomenon, called the entourage effect, is what makes the molecules present in hemp distinct. Nevertheless, even in isolation, studies have shown that terpenes can have their own biological effects.

What are the impacts of terpenes?

The potential of terpenes seems vast. A study by the British Pharmacological Society found that terpenes have “distinct therapeutic impacts that can considerably contribute to the entourage effect of medical marijuana extracts”. They included that the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes might lead to “synergy in the treatment of discomfort, inflammation, depression, stress and anxiety, drug addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “.

In other words, if cannabinoids are the stars of the show, they could be even more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to find about the inner operations of terpenes, and while we’ve listed a few of them above, they’re simply the tip of the iceberg. In future posts, we will continue to explore terpenes in more detail to discover exactly what they can be capable of.

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