Cannabis, marijuana and CBD: the differences

What are terpenes?

The large world of fragrant terpenes

The refreshing scents of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their smell is due to organic compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are a large class of fragrant chemicals found in many different plants, foods and necessary oils. In hemp, terpenes are located inside the trichomes, tiny mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is thought that there are more than a hundred. Each has a slightly different chemical structure, which provides it a special fragrance. Although it can please our sense of smell, they are mainly planned to secure plants by fending off germs, fungis and insects.

Thankfully for us, studies have shown that terpenes can do more than simply provide an enjoyable fragrance or hinder predators. They have also been found to invoke a vast array of biological impacts in people, which we will discuss in more detail soon. Visit One World CBD for more info.

How many terpenes are there, and what are they called?

As we recommended previously, terpenes are not unique to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will find everyday foods that also consist of high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred different terpenes, some are more common than others. Some of the well known terpenes include the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most common terpene in the Cannabis sativa types, however it is also very common in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Remember the refreshing smell of lemon we discussed earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is commonly used in fragrances, cosmetics and air cleansing.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best known for its existence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will quickly recognize the flower fragrance of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most typically found in lavender.

What makes terpenes special?

Terpenes are important not only because of their smell, however also because of their potential synergy with cannabinoids like connect CBD, CBN and CBG in the body.

Think of the hemp plant as a large glass container. First, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the largest group of compounds. Then we utilize smaller pebbles to fill in some holes; these are our terpenes. Lastly, to fill the pot, we put sand into it; flavonoids and other necessary particles. You require all the components to make a whole plant.

In addition, there is evidence to suggest that when cannabinoids and terpenes exist together, their respective biological impacts are enhanced. This phenomenon, called the entourage effect, is what makes the particles present in hemp special. Nevertheless, even in isolation, studies have shown that terpenes can have their own biological effects.

What are the impacts of terpenes?

The potential of terpenes seems large. A research study by the British Pharmacological Society found that terpenes have “special healing impacts that can considerably contribute to the entourage effect of medical marijuana extracts”. They added that the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes might cause “synergy in the treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, stress and anxiety, drug addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “.

In other words, if cannabinoids are the stars of the show, they could be even more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to find about the inner functions of terpenes, and while we’ve listed a few of them above, they’re simply the tip of the iceberg. In future posts, we will continue to explore terpenes in more detail to learn exactly what they can be capable of.

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